Welcome to my website FredSpier.com
This website is dedicated to my life-long efforts of seeking to improve our knowledge about our common past, present, and future as
inhabitants of the beautiful but limited planet Earth, our one and only home in the otherwise inhospitable cosmos.
In the menus,
information about me, my work, and my publications can be accessed. At first sight, they may look disconnected. But all of them came
as a result of my research into our common human past, the first roots of which began to take shape in January of 1969. Everything
that subsequently followed is described under Career Description
My research into this theme has, so far, consisted
of three phases:
1982-1997: Religion, Politics, and Ecology in Andean Peru
This research has led to the publication of two books:Religious Regimes in Peru (1994)
: a long-term historical study of this theme focusing on the village of Zurite, and San Nicolás de
: a collection of case studies that I witnessed myself.
1993- Present: Big History
This research has led to two books
as well as many articles about various aspects of big history. These books are The Structure of Big History (1996)
in which a general
structure for big history is proposed, and Big History and the Future of Humanity (2010, 2015)
, in which underlying patterns are outlined
that help to explain big history.
2017-Present: The Biosphere
A series of chance discoveries starting in 2017 allowed me to discern
general principles in our biosphere’s history that had been overlooked so far. This led to my most recent book How the Biosphere
, in which this theme is explained by using those general principles, including a novel history of the biosphere. The
book also contains a few considerations about the future.
After having done all of that, I feel to have completed the research
project that I embarked upon in 1982
. Now, as far as I can see I have reached the point where I have contributed all I can to improve
our general understanding of humanity’s history as part of Earth history. But surprises may still await me around the next corner.
may happen in the future, this knowledge as a result of my life-long efforts is intended for helping to make the best possible choices
for assuring humanity’s best possible survival and prosperity in the foreseeable future.
To be sure, a great many questions remain
to be solved. Building on the studies of a great many illustrious scholars, I see my work hopefully, to some extent, as a fresh beginning.
Any serious feedback
will be greatly appreciated.
To the best of my knowledge, this website will not place
on your device or track it in any other ways. No advertisements or other third-party Internet-based materials will appear on this
If you would like to take a look at our home planet from space almost in real time, from a distance of about 900,000
miles (about 1.5 million km), you might want to visit: https://epic.gsfc.nasa.gov/